Ability of various water-insoluble fertilizers to supply available phosphorus in hydroponics to plant species with diverse phosphorus-acquisition efficiency: Involvement of organic acid accumulation in plant tissues and root exudates

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:2010
Authors:Erro, J, Zamarreño, AMa, García-Mina, JMa
Journal:Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science
Date Published:2010
ISBN Number:1522-2624
Keywords:chickpea, lupine, maize, phospal, RCF fertilizers

Previous studies describe the suitability of a new type of phosphorus (P) fertilizer, called “rhizosphere-controlled fertilizer” (RCF), to supply available P to plants while reducing soil phosphorus fixation. In order to explore the involvement of organic acid root exudation in P uptake from RCF, we investigated the relationship between shoot and root P concentrations, and the concentration of the main polycarboxylic organic acids in roots, shoots, and plant exudates. Plant species with different P-acquisition efficiency (low: maize; medium: chickpea; high: lupin) were grown in hydroponics with three different P fertilizers: The water-insoluble P fraction of RCF (RCF); Phospal, a slow-release source of phosphate composed of calcium and aluminum phosphates (PH); monopotassiumphosphate (KP), and a control treatment without P (P–). RCF was as efficient as KP in supplying P to plants in the case of chickpea and lupin, and slightly less efficient than KP in maize. However, P from PH was not available for maize and less available compared to KP and RCF in chickpea and lupin. This variation reflects the different efficiencies in P acquisition for the three plant species. Except in the case of maize, plants receiving KP presented the lowest concentration of organic acids in roots and exudates, while those plants suffering severe P deficiency (P– and PH) showed the highest organic acid concentration. However, RCF had a high concentration of organic acids in roots and exudates, as well as a high P concentration in the shoot indicating that P uptake from RCF is enhanced due to root release and action of specific organic acids.

Short Title:Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science
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