A Generic Classification of the Danthonioideae (Poaceae)1

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:2010
Authors:H. LINDER, PETER, Baeza, M, BARKER, NIGELP, Galley, C, Humphreys, AM, Lloyd, KM, Orlovich, DA, PIRIE, MICHAELD, Simon, BK, Walsh, N, G. VERBOOM, ANTHONY
Journal:Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden
Volume:97
Issue:3
Date Published:2010
ISBN Number:0026-6493
Keywords:Avena, Danthonia, Poaceae
Abstract:

Abstract We present a new generic classification of the largely Southern Hemisphere grass subfamily Danthonioideae. This classification is based on an almost completely sampled and well-resolved molecular phylogeny and on a complete morphological data set. We have attempted to delimit monophyletic genera (complicated by the presence of apparent intergeneric hybridization), which are diagnosable, as well as morphologically and ecogeographically coherent. We recognize 17 genera, including five new genera (Austroderia N. P. Barker Pentameris is expanded to include Prionanthium Desv. and Pentaschistis (Nees) Spach; Cortaderia Stapf is expanded by the inclusion of Lamprothyrsus Pilg., but reduced by the segregation of its New Zealand species into the new genus Austroderia; a large Rytidosperma Steud. is assembled out of Joycea H. P. Linder, Austrodanthonia H. P. Linder, Notodanthonia Zotov, Erythranthera Zotov, Pyrrhanthera Zotov, and Monostachya Merr.; and the species previously assigned to Karroochloa Conert & Türpe, Schismus P. Beauv., Urochlaena Nees, and Tribolium Desv. have been reassigned to only two genera. Finally, the Himalayan species of Danthonia DC. are transferred to Tenaxia and the remaining African species of Danthonia to Merxmuellera. The 281 species that we recognize in the subfamily are listed under their new genera, which are arranged in the phylogenetic sequence evident from the molecular phylogeny. The 100 necessary new combinations include: Merxmuellera grandiflora (Hochst. ex A. Rich.) H. P. Linder, Geochloa decora (Nees) N. P. Barker & H. P. Linder, G. lupulina (L. f.) N. P. Barker & H. P. Linder, G. rufa (Nees) N. P. Barker & H. P. Linder, Capeochloa arundinacea (P. J. Bergius) N. P. Barker & H. P. Linder, C. cincta (Nees) N. P. Barker & H. P. Linder, C. cincta subsp. sericea (N. P. Barker) N. P. Barker & H. P. Linder, C. setacea (N. P. Barker) N. P. Barker & H. P. Linder, Pentameris praecox (H. P. Linder) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. tysonii (Stapf) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. acinosa (Stapf) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. airoides Nees subsp. jugorum (Stapf) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. alticola (H. P. Linder) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. ampla (Nees) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. andringitrensis (A. Camus) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. argentea (Stapf) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. aristidoides (Thunb.) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. aristifolia (Schweick.) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. aspera (Thunb.) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. aurea (Steud.) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. aurea subsp. pilosogluma (McClean) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. bachmannii (McClean) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. barbata (Nees) Steud. subsp. orientalis (H. P. Linder) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. basutorum (Stapf) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. borussica (K. Schum.) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. calcicola (H. P. Linder) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. calcicola var. hirsuta (H. P. Linder) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. capensis (Nees) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. capillaris (Thunb.) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. caulescens (H. P. Linder) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. chippindalliae (H. P. Linder) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. chrysurus (K. Schum.) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. clavata (Galley) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. colorata (Steud.) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. dentata (L. f.) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. dolichochaeta (S. M. Phillips) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. ecklonii (Nees) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. exserta (H. P. Linder) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. galpinii (Stapf) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. holciformis (Nees) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. horrida (Galley) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. humbertii (A. Camus) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. insularis (Hemsl.) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. juncifolia (Stapf) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. longipes (Stapf) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. malouinensis (Steud.) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. microphylla (Nees) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. minor (Ballard & C. E. Hubb.) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. montana (H. P. Linder) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. natalensis (Stapf) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. oreodoxa (Schweick.) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. pallida (Thunb.) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. pholiuroides (Stapf) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. pictigluma (Steud.) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. pictigluma var. gracilis (S. M. Phillips) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. pictigluma var. mannii (Stapf ex C. E. Hubb.) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. pseudopallescens (H. P. Linder) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. pungens (H. P. Linder) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. pusilla (Nees) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. pyrophila (H. P. Linder) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. reflexa (H. P. Linder) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. rigidissima (Pilg. ex H. P. Linder) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. rosea (H. P. Linder) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. rosea subsp. purpurascens (H. P. Linder) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. scandens (H. P. Linder) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. setifolia (Thunb.) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. tomentella (Stapf) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. trifida (Galley) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. triseta (Thunb.) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. trisetoides (Hochst. ex Steud.) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. velutina (H. P. Linder) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. veneta (H. P. Linder) Galley & H. P. Linder, Cortaderia hieronymi (Kuntze) N. P. Barker & H. P. Linder, C. peruviana (Hitchc.) N. P. Barker & H. P. Linder, Austroderia fulvida (Buchanan) N. P. Barker & H. P. Linder, A. richardii (Endl.) N. P. Barker & H. P. Linder, A. splendens (Connor) N. P. Barker & H. P. Linder, A. toetoe (Zotov) N. P. Barker & H. P. Linder, A. turbaria (Connor) N. P. Barker & H. P. Linder, Chimaerochloa archboldii (Hitchc.) Pirie & H. P. Linder, Tenaxia aureocephala (J. G. Anderson) N. P. Barker & H. P. Linder, T. cachemyriana (Jaub. & Spach) N. P. Barker & H. P. Linder, T. cumminsii (Hook. f.) N. P. Barker & H. P. Linder, T. disticha (Nees) N. P. Barker & H. P. Linder, T. dura (Stapf) N. P. Barker & H. P. Linder, T. guillarmodiae (Conert) N. P. Barker & H. P. Linder, T. stricta (Schrad.) N. P. Barker & H. P. Linder, T. subulata (A. Rich.) N. P. Barker & H. P. Linder, Schismus schismoides (Stapf ex Conert) Verboom & H. P. Linder, Tribolium curvum (Nees) Verboom & H. P. Linder, T. pleuropogon (Stapf) Verboom & H. P. Linder, T. purpureum (L. f.) Verboom & H. P. Linder, T. tenellum (Nees) Verboom & H. P. Linder, Rytidosperma bipartitum (Kunth) A. M. Humphreys & H. P. Linder, R. diemenicum (D. I. Morris) A. M. Humphreys & H. P. Linder, R. fulvum (Vickery) A. M. Humphreys & H. P. Linder, R. lepidopodum (N. G. Walsh) A. M. Humphreys & H. P. Linder, R. pallidum (R. Br.) A. M. Humphreys & H. P. Linder, R. popinensis (D. I. Morris) A. M. Humphreys & H. P. Linder, R. remotum (D. I. Morris) A. M. Humphreys & H. P. Linder. Typifications are designated for the following names: Achneria Munro ex Benth. & Hook. f., Avena aristidoides Thunb., A. elephantina Thunb., Danthonia crispa Nees var. trunculata Nees, Danthonia sect. Himantochaete Nees, D. zeyheriana Steud. var. trichostachya Stapf, Geochloa lupulina, Pentameris aristidoides, and P. holciformis.Abstract We present a new generic classification of the largely Southern Hemisphere grass subfamily Danthonioideae. This classification is based on an almost completely sampled and well-resolved molecular phylogeny and on a complete morphological data set. We have attempted to delimit monophyletic genera (complicated by the presence of apparent intergeneric hybridization), which are diagnosable, as well as morphologically and ecogeographically coherent. We recognize 17 genera, including five new genera (Austroderia N. P. Barker Pentameris is expanded to include Prionanthium Desv. and Pentaschistis (Nees) Spach; Cortaderia Stapf is expanded by the inclusion of Lamprothyrsus Pilg., but reduced by the segregation of its New Zealand species into the new genus Austroderia; a large Rytidosperma Steud. is assembled out of Joycea H. P. Linder, Austrodanthonia H. P. Linder, Notodanthonia Zotov, Erythranthera Zotov, Pyrrhanthera Zotov, and Monostachya Merr.; and the species previously assigned to Karroochloa Conert & Türpe, Schismus P. Beauv., Urochlaena Nees, and Tribolium Desv. have been reassigned to only two genera. Finally, the Himalayan species of Danthonia DC. are transferred to Tenaxia and the remaining African species of Danthonia to Merxmuellera. The 281 species that we recognize in the subfamily are listed under their new genera, which are arranged in the phylogenetic sequence evident from the molecular phylogeny. The 100 necessary new combinations include: Merxmuellera grandiflora (Hochst. ex A. Rich.) H. P. Linder, Geochloa decora (Nees) N. P. Barker & H. P. Linder, G. lupulina (L. f.) N. P. Barker & H. P. Linder, G. rufa (Nees) N. P. Barker & H. P. Linder, Capeochloa arundinacea (P. J. Bergius) N. P. Barker & H. P. Linder, C. cincta (Nees) N. P. Barker & H. P. Linder, C. cincta subsp. sericea (N. P. Barker) N. P. Barker & H. P. Linder, C. setacea (N. P. Barker) N. P. Barker & H. P. Linder, Pentameris praecox (H. P. Linder) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. tysonii (Stapf) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. acinosa (Stapf) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. airoides Nees subsp. jugorum (Stapf) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. alticola (H. P. Linder) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. ampla (Nees) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. andringitrensis (A. Camus) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. argentea (Stapf) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. aristidoides (Thunb.) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. aristifolia (Schweick.) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. aspera (Thunb.) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. aurea (Steud.) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. aurea subsp. pilosogluma (McClean) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. bachmannii (McClean) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. barbata (Nees) Steud. subsp. orientalis (H. P. Linder) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. basutorum (Stapf) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. borussica (K. Schum.) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. calcicola (H. P. Linder) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. calcicola var. hirsuta (H. P. Linder) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. capensis (Nees) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. capillaris (Thunb.) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. caulescens (H. P. Linder) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. chippindalliae (H. P. Linder) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. chrysurus (K. Schum.) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. clavata (Galley) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. colorata (Steud.) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. dentata (L. f.) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. dolichochaeta (S. M. Phillips) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. ecklonii (Nees) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. exserta (H. P. Linder) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. galpinii (Stapf) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. holciformis (Nees) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. horrida (Galley) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. humbertii (A. Camus) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. insularis (Hemsl.) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. juncifolia (Stapf) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. longipes (Stapf) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. malouinensis (Steud.) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. microphylla (Nees) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. minor (Ballard & C. E. Hubb.) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. montana (H. P. Linder) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. natalensis (Stapf) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. oreodoxa (Schweick.) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. pallida (Thunb.) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. pholiuroides (Stapf) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. pictigluma (Steud.) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. pictigluma var. gracilis (S. M. Phillips) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. pictigluma var. mannii (Stapf ex C. E. Hubb.) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. pseudopallescens (H. P. Linder) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. pungens (H. P. Linder) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. pusilla (Nees) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. pyrophila (H. P. Linder) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. reflexa (H. P. Linder) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. rigidissima (Pilg. ex H. P. Linder) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. rosea (H. P. Linder) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. rosea subsp. purpurascens (H. P. Linder) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. scandens (H. P. Linder) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. setifolia (Thunb.) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. tomentella (Stapf) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. trifida (Galley) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. triseta (Thunb.) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. trisetoides (Hochst. ex Steud.) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. velutina (H. P. Linder) Galley & H. P. Linder, P. veneta (H. P. Linder) Galley & H. P. Linder, Cortaderia hieronymi (Kuntze) N. P. Barker & H. P. Linder, C. peruviana (Hitchc.) N. P. Barker & H. P. Linder, Austroderia fulvida (Buchanan) N. P. Barker & H. P. Linder, A. richardii (Endl.) N. P. Barker & H. P. Linder, A. splendens (Connor) N. P. Barker & H. P. Linder, A. toetoe (Zotov) N. P. Barker & H. P. Linder, A. turbaria (Connor) N. P. Barker & H. P. Linder, Chimaerochloa archboldii (Hitchc.) Pirie & H. P. Linder, Tenaxia aureocephala (J. G. Anderson) N. P. Barker & H. P. Linder, T. cachemyriana (Jaub. & Spach) N. P. Barker & H. P. Linder, T. cumminsii (Hook. f.) N. P. Barker & H. P. Linder, T. disticha (Nees) N. P. Barker & H. P. Linder, T. dura (Stapf) N. P. Barker & H. P. Linder, T. guillarmodiae (Conert) N. P. Barker & H. P. Linder, T. stricta (Schrad.) N. P. Barker & H. P. Linder, T. subulata (A. Rich.) N. P. Barker & H. P. Linder, Schismus schismoides (Stapf ex Conert) Verboom & H. P. Linder, Tribolium curvum (Nees) Verboom & H. P. Linder, T. pleuropogon (Stapf) Verboom & H. P. Linder, T. purpureum (L. f.) Verboom & H. P. Linder, T. tenellum (Nees) Verboom & H. P. Linder, Rytidosperma bipartitum (Kunth) A. M. Humphreys & H. P. Linder, R. diemenicum (D. I. Morris) A. M. Humphreys & H. P. Linder, R. fulvum (Vickery) A. M. Humphreys & H. P. Linder, R. lepidopodum (N. G. Walsh) A. M. Humphreys & H. P. Linder, R. pallidum (R. Br.) A. M. Humphreys & H. P. Linder, R. popinensis (D. I. Morris) A. M. Humphreys & H. P. Linder, R. remotum (D. I. Morris) A. M. Humphreys & H. P. Linder. Typifications are designated for the following names: Achneria Munro ex Benth. & Hook. f., Avena aristidoides Thunb., A. elephantina Thunb., Danthonia crispa Nees var. trunculata Nees, Danthonia sect. Himantochaete Nees, D. zeyheriana Steud. var. trichostachya Stapf, Geochloa lupulina, Pentameris aristidoides, and P. holciformis.

URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.3417/2009006
Short Title:Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden
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