Genetic diversity and relatedness of rice cultivars resistant to straighthead disorder

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:2010
Authors:Agrama, HA, Yan, WG
Journal:Plant Breeding
Date Published:2010
ISBN Number:1439-0523
Keywords:amylose, genetic diversity, indica, japonica, Oryza, Oryza sativa, straighthead, Structure

With 4 figures and 3 tablesSummary Straighthead, a physiological disorder of rice (Oryza sativa L.), has been reported in numerous rice-growing countries for its severe impact on yield reduction. Genetic diversity, relatedness and structure of parental germplasm are important for breeders to design strategies in breeding programmes. We analysed 1002 rice accessions that were sampled from the USDA core collection, evaluated for straighthead and genotyped with 72 molecular markers. Forty-two accessions were resistant to straighthead with no yield reduction under severe infestation. The resistant cultivars originated from 15 countries in 10 geographic regions worldwide. The accessions had great diversification indicated by 15 phenotypic characteristics including all types of grain and cooking quality. The number of alleles averaged 5.9, and the 72 molecular markers were highly informative among the 42 resistant accessions. Thirty resistant accessions were identified as indica type and were clearly classified in two groups. Ten resistant cultivars were identified as temperate japonica and the other two were positioned between temperate and tropical japonica rice. Breeders worldwide could use these findings on phenotypic diversification and genetic relatedness among the straighthead resistant accessions in order to make germplasm choices for transferring straighthead resistance to their local cultivars, serving various needs on grain, cooking quality and genetic classification in their programmes.

Short Title:Plant Breeding
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