|Publication Type:||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication:||2010|
|Authors:||Iven, T, Strathmann, A, Böttner, S, Zwafink, T, Heinekamp, T, Guivarc’h, A, Roitsch, T, Dröge-Laser, W|
|Journal:||The Plant Journal|
|Keywords:||auxin, bZIP transcription factors, invertase, Nicotiana, Nicotiana tabacum, NIN88, pollen development, tobacco|
Expression of BZI-1ΔN, a dominant-negative form of the tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) basic leucine zipper (bZIP) transcription factor BZI-1 leads to severe defects in pollen development which coincides with reduced transcript abundance of the stamen specific invertase gene NIN88 and decreased extracellular invertase enzymatic activity. This finding suggests a function of BZI-1 in regulating carbohydrate supply of the developing pollen. BZI-1 heterodimerises with the bZIP factors BZI-2, BZI-3 and BZI-4 in vitro and in planta. Whereas BZI-1 exhibits only weak activation properties, BZI-1/BZI-2 heterodimers strongly activate transcription. Consistently, approaches leading to reduced levels of functional BZI-1 or BZI-2 both significantly interfere with pollen development, auxin responsiveness and carbohydrate partitioning. In situ hybridisation studies for BZI-1 and BZI-2 confirmed temporal and spatial overlapping expression patterns in tapetum and pollen supporting functional cooperation of these factors during pollen development. Plants over-expressing BZI-4 produce significantly reduced amounts of intact pollen and are also impaired in NIN88 transcription and enzymatic activity. BZI-4 homodimer efficiently binds to a G-box located in the NIN88 promoter but exhibits almost no transcriptional activation capacity. As BZI-4 does not actively repress transcription, we propose that its homodimer blocks G-box mediated transcription. In summary, these data support a regulatory model in which BZI-4 homodimers and BZI-1/BZI-2 heterodimers perform opposing functions as negative or positive transcriptional regulators during pollen development.
|Short Title:||The Plant Journal|