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Angiosperm Flora of India

The OzT8 locus in rice protects leaf carbon assimilation rate and photosynthetic capacity under ozone stress

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:2011
Authors:CHEN, CHARLESP, FREI, M, WISSUWA, M
Journal:Plant, Cell & Environment
Volume:34
Issue:7
Date Published:2011
ISBN Number:1365-3040
Keywords:Oryza, Oryza sativa, photosynthesis, quantitative trait locus, stomatal response, tolerance
Abstract:

Tropospheric ozone (O3) is a phytotoxic air pollutant whose current background concentrations in parts of East Asia have caused estimated rice yield losses of up to 20%; currently, however, little is known about the mechanisms of O3 tolerance in rice. We previously identified a quantitative trait locus (QTL) in rice called OzT8, which was associated with relative dry weight under ozone stress. The photosynthetic response in SL46, a Nipponbare (NB)–Kasalath chromosome segment substitution line (SL) containing the OzT8 locus, was compared to the parent NB in multiple ozone fumigation experiments (100 ppb, 8 h d–1, 23 d). By day 23, SL46 showed significantly less reduction of photosynthetic capacity compared to NB; the maximum carboxylation rate of ribulose 1·5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (Rubisco) decreased by 24% in SL46 compared to 49% in NB, and the maximum electron transport rate decreased by 16 and 39%, respectively. The midday carbon assimilation rates also showed a similar trend, but there was no genotypic difference in stomatal conductance. These results indicate that the OzT8 locus confers ozone tolerance via biochemical acclimation, not avoidance, making it a potentially valuable target for breeding of ozone tolerance into future rice lines. The sequence of photosynthetic response of rice to ozone stress and related tolerance factors are also discussed.

URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3040.2011.02312.x
Short Title:Plant, Cell & Environment
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