Rhizosphere phosphorus depletion by three crops differing in their phosphorus critical levels

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:2012
Authors:Rubio, G, Faggioli, V, Scheiner, JD, Gutiérrez-Boem, FH
Journal:Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science
Volume:175
Issue:6
Date Published:2012
ISBN Number:1522-2624
Keywords:glycine, maize, nutritient acquisition, plant roots, Soybean, sunflower
Abstract:

It has been reported for many soils that maize (Zea mays L.) has a higher soil-P critical level than soybean (Glycine max L.) and sunflower (Helianthus annuus L). The objective of this work was to compare the rhizosphere P depletion in these three species in order to investigate if they differ in their capacity to acquire soil P. Sequential P fractionation and pH were determined in rhizosphere and nonrhizosphere soil samples from field and greenhouse experiments. Neither sunflower (the species with highest rhizosphere acidification) nor soybean or maize showed a significant relationship between P depletion and rhizosphere pH. The labile P fraction and the NaOH-Pi fraction had lower values in the rhizosphere than in the bulk soil in 38% and 77% of the studied cases, respectively. Sunflower and especially maize presented a more intense Pi depletion than soybean. The comparison between sunflower and maize revealed that neither of them took a clear advantage over the other in terms of P depletion. Rhizosphere Pi depletion was associated with the amount of P acquired by the plants. We conclude that the accessibility to different P pools does not explain the differences in soil-P critical levels among the three species.

URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jpln.201200307
Short Title:Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science
Taxonomic name: 
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