SUN Regulates Vegetative and Reproductive Organ Shape by Changing Cell Division Patterns

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:2011
Authors:Wu, S, Xiao, H, Cabrera, A, Meulia, T, Van Der Knaap, E
Journal:Plant Physiology
Date Published:2011
ISBN Number:00320889
Keywords:cotyledon, Lycopersicum, Solanum

One of the major genes controlling the elongated fruit shape of tomato (Solarium lycopersicum) is SUN. In this study, we explored the roles of SUN in vegetative and reproductive development using near isogenic lines (NILs) that differ at the sun locus, and SUN overexpressors in both the wild species LA1589 (Solanum pimpinellifolium) and the cultivar Sun1642 background. Our results demonstrate that SUN controls tomato shape through redistribution of mass that is mediated by increased cell division in the longitudinal and decreased cell division in the transverse direction of the fruit. The expression of SUN is positively correlated with slender phenotypes in cotyledon, leaflet, and floral organs, an elongated ovary, and negatively correlated with seed weight. Overexpression of SUN leads to more extreme phenotypes than those shown in the NILs and include thinner leaf rachises and stems, twisted leaf rachises, increased serrations of the leaflets, and dramatically increased elongation at the proximal end of the ovary and fruit. In situ hybridizations of the NILs showed that SUN is expressed throughout the ovary and young fruit, particularly in the vascular tissues and placenta surface, and in the ovules and developing seed. The phenotypic effects resulting from high expression of SUN suggest that the gene is involved in several plant developmental processes.

Short Title:Plant Physiology
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