|Publication Type:||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication:||2011|
|Authors:||Úrbez-Torres, JR, Gubler, WD|
|Keywords:||Botryosphaeriaceae, canker, dieback, grapevine trunk diseases, Vitis, Vitis vinifera, wound susceptibility|
The susceptibility of 1- and 2-year-old grapevine wood to botryosphaeria canker caused by Lasiodiplodia theobromae and Neofusicoccum parvum was evaluated in California in two seasons. In the 2007 dormant season, pruning-wound susceptibility was highest when wounds were inoculated immediately after pruning in December (80% of pruning wounds were infected in Chardonnay for both fungal species and 75% and 98% in Cabernet Sauvignon for N. parvum and L. theobromae, respectively). In the 2008 dormant season, pruning-wound susceptibility was highest in November in Chardonnay (86% and 93% for N. parvum and L. theobromae, respectively) and in December in Cabernet Sauvignon (71% and 75% for N. parvum and L. theobromae, respectively). The lowest infection rates (13–35%) were observed when vines were pruned and inoculated in March in both dormant seasons and for both cultivars. Susceptibility of pruning wounds did not differ significantly (P = 0·7612) between 1- and 2-year-old wood and consequently, pruning-wound protection treatments should be applied to all wounds. In conclusion, grapevine pruning wounds were susceptible to infection by L. theobromae and N. parvum to varying extents throughout the dormant season in California (November–March), but, overall, susceptibility of pruning wounds was highest when inoculations were done immediately after pruning and decreased significantly as the interval between pruning and inoculation increased. Results of this study suggest that pruning grapevines in late winter (March) in California would significantly reduce the risk of infection by L. theobromae and N. parvum.
|Short Title:||Plant Pathology|